Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, with varying degrees of severity. Some might require emergency action and immediate care by an optometrist, while others can be treated at home. Follow this guide to common eye injuries, to figure out your next step in case of an eye emergency. Remember that common sense safety protections including using protective goggles or glasses may be your best bet for avoiding eye problems altogether.
An example of an injury that should be regarded seriously is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can lead to serious harm very quickly and potentially end in blindness. Scratches are often the result of a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is dust in it. Because a scratch can make your eye susceptible to fungal infection it's critical to see your optometrist or an emergency room. The best advice for a corneal abrasion is to keep it loosely covered and to visit your optician right away to check it out. Touching the eye will only cause more harm and patching the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
Chemical exposure is another critical type of eye injury. It is often scary when your are splashed in the eye by a potentially hazardous substance. It's important to know which chemical touched your eye. A chemical's fundamental composition is the most significant factor. Although acids can cause substantial redness and pain, they can be washed out fairly easily. However, base or alkali substances can be more severe even though they don't seem so since they don't result in as much initial burning or redness as acids.
While no one ever wants to anticipate a serious eye injury, it's advisable to know how to react in serious circumstances. By following these guidelines you can rest assured that you'll know how to handle most typical eye problems. Of course, extra safety precautions can help prevent this type of injuries from the get go so consult with your eye doctor about preventative eye care!